Freshwater Marshes

The main freshwater marshes in Bermuda are Devonshire Marsh, Paget Marsh and Pembroke Marsh.  Freshwater marshes support high wildlife diversity including migratory bats who are hunting insects, barn owls, migratory songbirds, amphibians, herons, and waterfowl. They are also home to many threatened plant species.

Plants found in Peat Marshes in Bermuda include:

  • Cinnamon Fern (Osumunda cinnomemea) - native
  • Southern Bracken (Pteridium caudatum) - native
  • Virginia Chain Fern (Woodwardia virginica) - native
  • Giant Fern (Achrosticum excelsum) - native
  • Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis) - native
  • Saw Grass (Cladium jamaicense) - native
  • Bermuda Sedge (Carex bermudiana) - endemic
  • Ten-day Fern (Polystichum adiantiforme) - native
  • St. Andrew’s Cross (Hypericum hypericoides) - native
  • Whisk Fern (Psilotum nudum) - native
  • Bermuda Spike Rush (Eleocharis bermudiana) - endemic
  • Bermuda Campylopus (Campylopus bermudianus) endemic moss
  • Cattails (Typha angustifolia) - nativeRoyal Fern and Wax Myrtle
  • Wax Myrtle (Myrica cerifera) - native
  • Bermuda Cedar (Juniperus bermudiana) - endemic
  • Bermuda Palmetto (Sabal bermudana) - endemic
  • Doc Bush (Baccharis glomeruliflora) - native
  • Water Hyacinth (Eichornia crassipes) - invasive
  • Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) - native
  • Water Fern (Salvinia spp.)
  • Duckweed (Lemna minor)
  • Shoebutton Ardisia (Ardisia sp.) - invasive
  • Cow Cane or Giant Reed (Arundo donax) - invasive

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